What To Know About Sore Throat

Sore throat is a common and familiar condition for everyone. When your throat is irritated, inflamed, scratchy, painful, or very dry, it’s called sore throat.These are common but do you know they are two different types of sore throat? Viral infection (Pharyngitis) and Bacterial Infection ( Strep Throat).

Viral Infection (Pharyngitis)

Most often, sore throats happen as a result of a viral infection, such as the flu or the common cold. Sore throats also occur with hand, foot, and mouth disease caused by the Coxsackie virus. Viral infection symptoms mostly will go away within several days but it also depends on the virus. Some virus symptoms can last up to 10 days.

Normally normal cold symptoms are accompanied by other symptoms as well. These symptoms include a runny nose, watery eyes, mild body aches, cough and sneezing.

How can a sore throat caused by a cold be treated?

Treatment of sore throats also depends on the cause or virus. But there are ways that one can try to relieve the discomfort.

For home care , below are general tips that can help.

  • Drink warm fluids, such as hot tea with lemon or broth.
  • Increase the total amount of fluids you drink. This keeps you hydrated and prevents your throat from getting dry.
  • Gargle with warm salt water. It helps to soothe throat irritation and reduce swelling.
  • Rest your voice
  • Suck on lozenges

For those who prefer medication can try there are also a few options available.

  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain and reduce fever.
  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as Aspirin

Bacterial Infection (Strep Throat)

Bacterial Infection is also known as strep throat. It is caused by the streptococcus bacteria which are spherical-shaped bacteria that produce lysis of red blood cells producing clear or transparent areas in special growth media. 

Contrast to Viral infection, Strep throat is contagious. It can spread through air. This Group A strep bacteria can  spread from an infected person when they talk, cough, or sneeze. Untreated bacterial infections lead to more serious infections like cellulitis, abscess, or bacteremia. This also makes the treatment to be dependent on antibiotics.

Strep infection might also lead to inflammatory issues.

The common symptom of strep throat include:

  • Red and swollen tonsils
  • Painful swallowing
  • Fever
  • Rash
  • Nausea or vomiting especially in younger children
  • Strep infection might also lead to inflammatory issues.Example , inflammation of kidney and  rheumatic fever

How can Bacterial Infection (Strep Throat) be treated?

Your healthcare provider would suggest antibiotics.Common antibiotics that are used to treat strep throat are Penicillin and amoxicillin. These antibiotics are normally taken as pills or given a shot.For children it is often given in a liquid for or a shot.

What are the other causes of sore throat?

Other than the common two reasons, Viral infection and Bacterial infection these are some other factors that can cause sore throat.

Acid reflux

A condition where one feels burning and pain in their throat. It is often caused by foods that are acidic and high in fat. When acid reflux happens one may feel uncomfortable as they feel as though there is a lump in their throat.

Allergies

Allergies to pets, dust , flowers and cause sore throat. These allergies could cause post nasal drip and throat irritation.

Smoking

The smoke can irritate the tissues in the throat. Smoking in the long run also weakens your immune system which causes you to catch cold or get infected faster compared to non-smokers.

Even though everyone is familiar with sore throat, it is important to look for major symptoms when you have throat discomfort. Especially for children, untreated sore throat can lead to severe illness. Should you be looking for more information on sore throat or respiratory related issues, you may consult WhatsDoc clinicians for detailed and better understanding. Consult our clinician to get your answers and get treated.

Reference

https://www.nationwidechildrens.org/conditions/strep-throat

https://www.concordia.ca/cunews/offices/provost/health/topics/sore-throat.html

https://www.statpearls.com/ArticleLibrary/viewarticle/27105

https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/sore-throat.html

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/infectious-diseases/expert-answers/infectious-disease/faq-20058098

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/198488

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/311473#treatment

  • Sore throat
  • Viral infection
  • Bacterial infection
  • Flu
  • Common cold
  • Virus
  • Running nose
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Hand, foot and mouth diseases
  • Contagious
  • Rash 
  • Healthcare
  • Antibiotics
  • Smoking
  • Allergies

Eustress

Stress is normally associated with a negative impact. But are all stresses the same? Some stress can be more detrimental to your well-being and some can be healthy. One of the healthy stresses is Eustress which is also known as Good Stress.

Eustress is a good or positive form of stress that you experience when facing fun and good challenges. Eustress can help you stay motivated and make you feel proud and good about our life.

Eustress produces positive feelings such as excitement, satisfaction, and fulfillment. It is good because it makes you feel confident, adequate, and stimulated by the challenge we experience from the stressor. 

Eustress vs Distress

Eustress is the feeling of excitement or upcoming challenge and it contains mixed feelings such as pride, resilience, and eagerness 

In comparison, Distress is typically accompanied by feelings of overwhelm and anxiety, which are perceived as negative and unwanted.

Examples of Eustress.

Eustress is associated with positive outcomes. To understand this type of good stress, it is helpful to consider a few different examples of when it may occur. People can experience eustress when they feel confident in their ability to solve a problem or cope with a situation. In comparison, distress occurs when people could not manage or face any challenges due to fear or anxiety. 

Some examples of a situation that could trigger Eustress:

Starting a new job

A new job can be stressful as you are excited to learn new things and meet new people. However, this type of stress has characteristics that can turn it into a positive outcome.

Physical exercise goal

If you can get into the mindset that your workout is a challenge rather than a threat, you will experience the positive benefits of eustress. Setting a workout goal and working towards it can be one example.

Traveling

Yes, traveling can be stressful especially when you are in a completely new environment,  a place where a different language is spoken and cultural customs are far from your everyday norm. However, after all the effort that you put in through the whole journey it builds your confidence, and sense of achievement and yes it is worth the work.

Getting to know someone

Making a new friend, romantic interest, colleague, or new office builds good stress. The rush of excitement that you go through helps you to learn more and grow as an individual as you are looking forward to what the other person has to offer.

Eustress is considered good stress because it helps in boosting memory. Other than that, it also boosts happy hormones in the body like endorphins, dopamine, and others.  In the longer term, eustress helps us keep working at things especially when the going gets tough.

Managing Your Stress

Stress is simply the byproduct of trying to control something that we have no control over. With this in mind, the goal isn’t to eliminate stress but to manage it. 

Eustress tends to be easier to manage. Because we feel capable of coping with it. It’s important to manage Eustress and not try to eliminate it, or it could very well transform into distress.

Distress can lead to health risks if it is not managed. This type of stress can be managed when one accepts the emotional experience, and add mind-calming activities to their daily routine eg. yoga and meditation. If you find that you are unable to manage it by yourself you should seek support. Get help from your family or healthcare providers and change your life for the better.

In short, stress can be good! Eustress helps us achieve things of meaning and value to us, leading us to feel better about ourselves – and grow in confidence and stature.

Should you be looking for more information on stress-related issues, you may consult WhatsDoc psychologist at https://www.whatsdoc.com/clinic-clinician-directory   for a detailed and better understanding. 

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  1. https://www.verywellmind.com/what-you-need-to-know-about-eustress-3145109 
  2. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/eustress-vs-distress 
  3. https://positivepsychology.com/what-is-eustress/ 
  4. https://www.berkeleywellbeing.com/eustress.html 
  5. https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-021-10560-y 
  6. https://study.com/learn/lesson/what-is-psychological-distress.html 
  7. https://www.healtheuniversity.ca/EN/CardiacCollege/Wellbeing/Stress_And_Sense_Of_Control/Pages/psychological-distress.aspx 
  8. https://www.betterhelp.co

Allied Healthcare: The Medical Job Category That Should Not Be Overlooked

In the age of modern medicine, the constant demand for the diversity of continued health care and specialisation has generated the need for allied healthcare services that enhance and extend the accessibility to healthcare.

In Singapore, the registration of Allied Healthcare Professionals namely physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists started in 2013 and Bloomberg ranked Singapore’s healthcare system the most efficient in the world in 2014.

As medical philosophies continue to shift and start drawing focus to preventive care, Allied Healthcare Professionals will continue to expand their scope of expertise.

What is Allied Healthcare?

Allied Healthcare is to describe the broad range of healthcare services offered by healthcare professionals who do not fall into the specific categories of doctors, dentists or nurses.

Generally, these jobs and careers focus on helping others and they work alongside other healthcare professionals and medical health providers in hospitals or clinics. More often than not, the first person a patient meets in any setting or type of care is an Allied Healthcare Professional (AHPs).

The educational requirements for Allied Healthcare can range differently. Unlike the required medical school to become a surgeon or physician, some of these jobs are state-regulated and require special licensing or certifications while others depend more on what employers need at the workplace.

A doctor standing still

Who Is Categorised Under Allied Healthcare?

Most experts have categorised Allied Healthcare Professionals (AHPs) into three groups:

  • primary care workers
  • health promotion, administrative and rehabilitative workers
  • diagnostic professionals (e.g. laboratory technicians and MRI technicians)

Examples of Allied Healthcare Professionals are ones that comprise the backbone of the healthcare workforce. To name a few:

TherapistsDietitiansParamedicsPharmacy TechniciansScientistsAudiologists
Social WorkersDental AssistantsOccupational TherapistsSpeech & Language PathologistsPsychologistsPhysiotherapists
Cardiovascular TechnologistsRadiologic and MRI TechnologistsMedical Billers & CodersEmergency Medical TechniciansMedical Laboratory TechnologistsMedical Assistants

The list also includes Administrators, Managers, & assistants with specialties in radiology, cardiology, surgery and many more.

What Are The Responsibilities of Allied Healthcare?

The role of Allied Healthcare Professionals (AHPs) mainly support diagnosis, recovery, and quality of life. They provide optimal care with high patient satisfaction through diagnoses, recovery, and quality of life. 

Allied Healthcare Professionals deliver direct patient care in virtually every specialty. Examples include:

  • Develop hospital and educational nutrition programs
  • Illustrate medical textbooks
  • Contribute to broader public health outcomes
  • Provide critical care support in intensive care units (ICU)
  • Manage and provide data critical to seamless patient care and diagnosis and more.
allied healthcare A few doctors are moving in group

Where Can Allied Healthcare Professionals Be Found?

Allied Healthcare Professionals work across a variety of settings, be it medical or not, which includes the following but not limited to:

  • Hospitals / Clinics
  • Private practices
  • Care homes
  • Community health centres
  • Mental health services
  • Educational Institutions like Universities & Schools

While the prevalence of Allied Healthcare Professionals (AHPs) are in almost all medical areas, some of the more common sectors that other Allied Healthcare Professionals might find work at are aged, chronic disease and disability care, mental health and rehabilitative or preventative care. 

How is Allied Healthcare Important?

Allied Healthcare Professionals (AHPs) are crucial in the promotion of good health practices, in delivering community care services, and the need to nurture the next generation of leaders who can make a difference in community care. We rely on them in many ways as they provide many useful services and skills that are outside of traditional healthcare.

Additionally, these AHPs are responsible for providing a range of technical, diagnostic, therapeutic and direct patient care. They also often work in a multidisciplinary team and offer support services with other healthcare professionals and patients to provide the best quality care.

During Singapore’s Circuit Breaker due to COVID-19, the reclassification of Allied Healthcare Services as essential allows patients to once again attend active rehabilitation and therapy sessions for health optimisation. Malaysia on the other hand has a high output of medical graduates and this should be seen as an opportunity to develop more allied healthcare professionals.

Occupational therapy

Ensuring Demand Capacity of Allied Healthcare Professionals

In conclusion, human capital is fundamental of any health system, and one estimate reported Allied Healthcare Professionals make up 60 percent of the total health workforce.

It cannot be emphasised enough that AHPs play a key role in ensuring the wellbeing of patients. They need to be regarded as professional equals by doctors as well as other medical personnel.

The most recent population statistics available by the United Nations suggest that the share of population aged 60+ years and over in the Asia Pacific will rise from 7.6% in 2015 to 17.8% by 2050. With this, the demand for holistic care will also increase.

With this, it is important that the government and private practices ensure a system for continuing education of Allied Healthcare Professionals and to develop a proper career development plan to further attract skill force. Besides that, AHPs will need to be appropriately skilled for quality assurance in both the workplace and for patients.

With WhatsDoc app, you can have all your queries about any Allied Healthcare Professionals answered with our expert panel. Feel free to contact us, or our partner Physiotherabeat. We offer round-the-clock telemedicine attention at your fingertips.

References:

1. The Role of Allied Health Professionals in Providing High-Quality Care

2. Allied Healthcare Mean 

3. Benefits of allied health 

4. Importance of allied health professionals 

5. What is allied health?

6. Key roles of allied healthcare professionals 

7. Medicine vs. Allied Healthcare: What’s the Difference?