SKIN ALLERGY

Overview

Irritated skin can be caused by various reasons. When an immune system response is triggered by an allergen then it is skin allergy. The immune system response causes the symptoms to occur such as rashes, red skin, bumpy and itching skin and also skin irritation.

Skin allergy can be caused by multiple factors or potential allergens. Some of the most common allergens are:

Rubber or latex

Rubber or latex are most commonly used to make items such as balloons, condoms, gloves, paint and many more.

Nickel

Nickel is a silvery metal that is stated to resist corrosion even at high temperatures .Nickel is used widely in various industries. One of the common product which contains Nickel is jewelry and accessories such as earrings, belt buckles, eyeglasses frames and keys

Fragrance 

Fragrance is used in most of the products to enhance the user experience. Fragrance’s vital role is to produce a pleasant scent and helps to mask other ingredients in a product. It contains in everyday use products such as skin care, cosmetics and even house old products. 

Types of Skin Conditions

Atopic dermatitis 

Atopic dermatitis (Eczema) is one of the most common skin conditions. It is an inflammatory skin disease especially in children where it affects 15 – 20% of children and 103 % of adults worldwide.

Eczema is also commonly related with asthma, allergic rhinitis or food allergy.

Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis ( Eczema)

Eczema can appear anywhere on your skin. The most common area would be on your hands, neck, ankles, knees, feet and around your eyes. Below are the symptom of Eczema:

  • Red rashes
  • Bumps on skin
  • Swelling
  • Itchy skin
  • Dry or cracked skin

Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis ( Eczema)

  • Seek immediate medical attention as Eczema is an uncomfortable skin condition that could affect your daily activities.
  • Use skin products that contain ceramide. These moisturizers replace some of the barriers missing from your skin.
  • Use products that are free from fragrances, alcohol and dyes. 
  • Air drying or gently patting the skin dry with a towel, rather than rubbing the skin dry after bathing or taking a shower
  • Apply cortisone creams and ointments.These are anti-inflammatory medications and can be applied directly on skin.

Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis is a hypersensitivity skin reaction that is caused by exposure to chemical allergens. It can be also defined as an itchy rash caused by products that have substances that could trigger reactions. 

Have you ever experienced itchiness and skin irritations after using perfumes , soap or jewellery? Those are the reactions or some symptoms of contact dermatitis.

Symptoms of Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Symptoms of contact dermatitis range mild to severe and may include:

  • Redness on skin
  • Hyperpigmented skin
  • Swelling
  • Extreme itching
  • Fissuring
  • Small blisters

Treatment for Allergic Contact Dermatitis

Avoidance is the mainstay of treatment for Allergic Contact Dermatitis

  • Your doctor can perform allergy testing called a patch test and develop a personalised management plan for you.
  • You may also apply hydrocortisone creams. It can be used if your rash is mild or covers a small area.

Hives

Hives are also called urticaria, this is a condition where red bumps or welts appear on the body. Hives can show up anywhere on the body and can look like blotches or large connected bumps. It can be caused by several physical factors, such as cold, sudden increase of body temperature, also can be a reaction from contact dermatitis. Hives normally last for a few hours or several days. If it stays more that 6 weeks then is is Acute hives

Symptoms of Hives

  • Red bumps on the skin.
  • Raised welts 
  • Itching skin
  • Blanching

Treatment for Hives

In  most cases hives are harmless and disappear in a short time. As precaution your doctor might recommend medications and at-home care to help you feel better. Treatments includes:

  • Allergy medications such as antihistamines to relieve itching and prevent allergic reactions. 
  • At home treatments can be cool bath
  • Cold compress

For acute hives: Epinephrine or oral steroids such as prednisone

Most of us experience skin allergies at some point of our lives. It can cause you to feel uncomfortable and feel embarrassed. Skin allergy not only affects physical but also mentally as it may cause stress, mood swings and low self confidence which could be a barrier for your daily activities.

Identifying the symptoms are the most important. If you have any symptoms related to skin allergy immediately seek medical assistance.Your healthcare provider will help you to live your life to the fullest.

If you are suffering from skin allergies and looking for a trusted healthcare provider, WhatsDoc is here to help. Consult with our doctors to help you with your skin issues.

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References

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/atopic-dermatitis-eczema/symptoms-causes/syc-20353273

https://www.aafa.org/skin-allergies/

https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-treatments/allergies/skin-allergy

https://www.omicsonline.org/allergy/skin-allergies-review-articles.ph

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/skin-aller

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13543784.2022.2042513?journalCo

https://nortonchildrens.com/health-library/article/?url=/en/parents/hives.html

https://www.verywellhealth.com/allergic-contact-dermatitis-1069247

  • skin allergy.
  •  Rashes  
  • Eczema 
  • Asthma,
  •  food allergy.  
  • Swelling 
  • Ceramide
  • hydrocortisone creams
  • Hive
  • Cold skin allergy 
  • Health care
  • hyperpigmentation